Research outputs from across the SPECTRUM Consortium

Note: Please refer to publication texts for full details of all funding which has supported these outputs



Title Authors Reference

Newspaper framing of food and beverage corporations' sponsorship of sport: a content analysis

Carters-White LE, Patterson C, Nimegeer A, Hilton S, Chambers S

BMC Public Health. 2022 Sep 16;22(1):1753. doi: 10.1186/s12889-022-14031-w. PMID: 36114474

Inequalities in children's exposure to alcohol outlets in Scotland: a GPS study

Caryl FM, Pearce J, Mitchell R, Shortt NK

BMC Public Health. 2022 Sep 15;22(1):1749. doi: 10.1186/s12889-022-14151-3. PMID: 36109778

Corporate political activity in the context of sugar-sweetened beverage tax policy in the WHO European Region

Lauber K, Rippin H, Wickramasinghe K, Gilmore AB

Eur J Public Health. 2022 Sep 13:ckac117. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckac117. Online ahead of print. PMID: 36099153

Assessing the profile of support for potential tobacco control policies targeting availability in Great Britain: a cross-sectional population survey Kock L, Shahab L, Moore G, Shortt NK, Pearce J, Brown J Tob Control. 2022 Aug 25:tobaccocontrol-2022-057508. doi: 10.1136/tc-2022-057508. Online ahead of print. PMID: 36008128
Behavioural support and nicotine replacement therapy for smokeless tobacco cessation: protocol for a pilot randomised-controlled multi-country trial Siddiqui F, Bauld L, Croucher R, Jackson C, Kellar I, Kanaan M, Pokhrel S, Huque R, Iqbal R, Khan JA, Mehrotra R, Siddiqi K; ASTRA Global Health Research Group Pilot Feasibility Stud. 2022 Aug 22;8(1):189. doi: 10.1186/s40814-022-01146-5. PMID: 35996179

Cutting down, quitting and motivation to stop smoking by self-reported COVID-19 status: Representative cross-sectional surveys in England

Cox S, Tattan-Birch H, Jackson SE, Dawkins L, Brown J, Shahab L

Addiction. 2022 Aug 15. doi: 10.1111/add.16029. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35971298

Tobacco-free Nicotine Pouch Use in Great Britain: A Representative Population Survey 2020-2021

Tattan-Birch H, Jackson SE, Dockrell M, Brown J

Nicotine Tob Res. 2022 Aug 6;24(9):1509-1512. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntac099. PMID: 35417551

Using Geovisualization Tools to Examine Attitudes towards Alcohol Exposure in Urban Environments: A Pilot Study in Madrid, Spain Pastor A, Sureda X, Valiente R, Badland H, García-Dorado M, Escobar F Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jul 27;19(15):9192. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19159192. PMID: 35954557

Real-world effectiveness of smoking cessation aids: A population survey in England with 12-month follow-up, 2015-2020.

Jackson SE, Kock L, Kotz D, Brown J

Addict Behav. 2022 Jul 25;135:107442. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2022.107442. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35908322

Is tobacco a driver of footfall among small retailers? A geographical analysis of tobacco purchasing using electronic point of sale data Tunstall H, Shortt NK, Kong AY, Pearce J Tob Control. 2022 Jul 18:tobaccocontrol-2021-057089. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2021-057089. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35851260.
Characterising smoking and smoking cessation attempts by risk of alcohol dependence: A representative, cross-sectional study of adults in England between 2014-2021.  Garnett C, Oldham M, Shahab L, Tattan-Birch H, Cox S Lancet Reg Health Eur. 2022 Jun 9;18:100418. doi: 10.1016/j.lanepe.2022.100418. eCollection 2022 Jul. PMID: 35814338
A content analysis of 'junk food' content in children's TV programmes: a comparison of UK broadcast TV and video-on-demand services Barker AB, Parkin M, Sinha S, Wilson E, Murray RL J Public Health (Oxf). 2022 Jun 23:fdac067. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdac067. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35731995 
Content analysis of Netflix and Amazon Prime Instant Video original films in the UK for alcohol, tobacco and junk food imagery Alfayad K, Murray RL, Britton J, Barker AB J Public Health (Oxf). 2022 Jun 27;44(2):302-309. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdab022. PMID: 33675356
Levelling up in the UK: is the government serious about reducing regional inequalities in health? Ralston R, Smith K, O'Connor CH, Brown A BMJ. 2022 Jun 1;377:e070589. doi: 10.1136/bmj-2022-070589. PMID: 35649577.
Gambling disorder van Schalkwyk MCI, McKee M, Cassidy R, Petticrew M, Blythe J Lancet Psychiatry. 2022 Jun;9(6):429. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(22)00068-2. PMID: 35569496
Population exposure to alcohol and junk food advertising during the 2018 FIFA world cup: implications for public health Alfayad K, Murray RL, Britton J, Barker AB BMC Public Health. 2022 May 6;22(1):908. doi: 10.1186/s12889-022-13233-6. PMID: 35524237
Tobacco and COVID-19: avoiding the error of distraction Hill S Int J Epidemiol. 2022 May 6:dyac089. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyac089. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35522734
Smoking prevalence following the announcement of tobacco tax increases in England between 2007 and 2019: an interrupted time-series analysis  Beard E, Brown J, Shahab L Addiction. 2022 Apr 11. doi: 10.1111/add.15898. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35403764
Norms, rules and policy tools: understanding Article 5.3 as an instrument of tobacco control governance Ralston R, Hirpa S, Bassi S, Male D, Kumar P, Barry RA, Collin J Tob Control. 2022 Apr 7:tobaccocontrol-2021-057159. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2021-057159. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35393367.
Harm perceptions of nicotine-containing products and associated sources of information in UK adults with and without mental ill health: A cross-sectional survey Perman-Howe PR, Horton M, Robson D, McDermott MS, McNeill A, Brose LS Addiction. 2022 Mar;117(3):715-729. doi: 10.1111/add.15657. Epub 2021 Sep 17. PMID: 34338387
Potential Explanations for Conflicting Findings on Abrupt Versus Gradual Smoking Cessation: A Population Study in England Garnett C, Brown J, Shahab L, Raupach T, Lindson N Nicotine Tob Res. 2022 Mar 1;24(4):574-580. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntab239. PMID: 34792598; PMCID: PMC8887587.
The effect of tobacco control mass media campaigns on smoking-related behaviour among people with mental illness: a systematic literature review Perman-Howe PR, McNeill A, Brose LS, Tildy BE, Langley TE, Robson D Nicotine Tob Res. 2022 Mar 31:ntac079. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntac079. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35358321.

Firm foundation or neglected cornerstone? The paradox of Article 5.3 implementation and the challenge of strengthening tobacco control governance

Ralston R, Bialous S, Collin J Tob Control. 2022 Mar 8:tobaccocontrol-2022-057344. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2022-057344. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35260466.
From silos to policy coherence: tobacco control, unhealthy commodity industries and the commercial determinants of health Hill SE, Johns P, Nakkash RT, Collin J Tob Control. 2022 Mar;31(2):322-327. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2021-057136. PMID: 35241606.
Distilling the curriculum: An analysis of alcohol industry-funded school-based youth education programmes van Schalkwyk MCI, Petticrew M, Maani N, Hawkins B, Bonell C, Katikireddi SV, Knai C PLoS One. 2022 Jan 12;17(1):e0259560. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0259560. PMID: 35020741; PMCID: PMC8754310.

Title Authors Reference
Manufacturing doubt: Assessing the effects of independent vs industry-sponsored messaging about the harms of fossil fuels, smoking, alcohol, and sugar sweetened beverages Maani N, van Schalkwyk MCI, Filippidis FT, Knai C, Petticrew M SSM Popul Health. 2021 Dec 23;17:101009. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2021.101009. PMID: 35036514; PMCID: PMC8749266.
Simulating the density reduction and equity impact of potential tobacco retail control policies Caryl FM, Pearce J, Reid G, Mitchell R, Shortt NK Tob Control. 2021 Dec;30(e2):e138-e143. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2020-056002. Epub 2020 Nov 4. PMID: 33148694; PMCID: PMC7612095.
Profile of menthol cigarette smokers in the months following the removal of these products from the market: a cross-sectional population survey in England Kock L, Shahab L, Bogdanovica I, Brown J Tob Control. 2021 Nov 17:tobaccocontrol-2021-057005. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2021-057005. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34789541.
Inequalities in smoking and quitting-related outcomes among adults with and without children in the household 2013-2019: A population survey in England Kock L, Brown J, Shahab L, Tattan-Birch H, Moore G, Cox S Nicotine Tob Res. 2021 Oct 11:ntab211. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntab211. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34634112.
Has the increased participation in the national campaign 'Dry January' been associated with cutting down alcohol consumption in England? Case P, Angus C, De Vocht F, Holmes J, Michie S, Brown J Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Oct 1;227:108938. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2021.108938. Epub 2021 Jul 30. PMID: 34392050; PMCID: PMC8504198.
Whose rights deserve protection? Framing analysis of responses to the 2016 committee of advertising practice consultation on the non-broadcast advertising of foods and soft drinks to children Carters-White L, Chambers S, Skivington K, Hilton S Food Policy. 2021 Oct;104:102139. doi: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2021.102139. PMID: 34720343; PMCID: PMC8547229.
Corporate political activity in the context of unhealthy food advertising restrictions across Transport for London: A qualitative case study Lauber K, Hunt D, Gilmore AB, Rutter H PLoS Med. 2021 Sep 2;18(9):e1003695. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003695. PMID: 34473694; PMCID: PMC8412307.
Characterising the patterns of and factors associated with increased alcohol consumption since COVID-19 in a UK sample Oldham M, Garnett C, Brown J, Kale D, Shahab L, Herbec A Drug Alcohol Rev. 2021 Sep;40(6):890-899. doi: 10.1111/dar.13256. Epub 2021 Mar 3. PMID: 33657644; PMCID: PMC8014505.
Tobacco and alcohol content in soap operas broadcast on UK television: a content analysis and population exposure Barker AB, Britton J, Thomson E, Murray RL J Public Health (Oxf). 2021 Sep 22;43(3):595-603. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdaa091. Erratum in: J Public Health (Oxf). 2021 Apr 12;43(1):e113. PMID: 32614043; PMCID: PMC8458014.
Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Weight and BMI among UK Adults: A Longitudinal Analysis of Data from the HEBECO Study Dicken S, Mitchell J, Newberry Le Vay J, Beard E, Kale D, Herbec A, Shahab L Nutrients. 2021 Aug 24;13(9):2911. doi: 10.3390/nu13092911. PMID: 34578789; PMCID: PMC8469464.
Commercial use of evidence in public health policy: a critical assessment of food industry submissions to global-level consultations on non-communicable disease prevention Lauber K, McGee D, Gilmore AB BMJ Glob Health. 2021 Aug;6(8):e006176. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-006176. PMID: 34426403; PMCID: PMC8383892.
"When the Fun Stops, Stop": An analysis of the provenance, framing and evidence of a 'responsible gambling' campaign van Schalkwyk MC, Maani N, McKee M, Thomas S, Knai C, Petticrew M PLoS One. 2021 Aug 26;16(8):e0255145. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0255145. PMID: 34437561; PMCID: PMC8389453.
Was the implementation of standardised tobacco packaging legislation in England associated with changes in smoking prevalence? A segmented regression analysis between 2006 and 2019 Opazo Breton M, Britton J, Brown J, Beard E, Bogdanovica I Tob Control. 2021 Jul 29:tobaccocontrol-2021-056694. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2021-056694. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34326193.
The Science for Profit Model - How and why corporations influence science and the use of science in policy and practice Legg T, Hatchard J, Gilmore AB PLoS One. 2021 Jun 23;16(6):e0253272. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0253272. PMID: 34161371; PMCID: PMC8221522.
The association of smoking status with SARS-CoV-2 infection, hospitalisation and mortality from COVID-19: A living rapid evidence review with Bayesian meta-analyses (version 11) Simons D, Shahab L, Brown J, Perski O Qeios. 2021. doi:10.32388/UJR2AW.13.
Big food and the World Health Organization: a qualitative study of industry attempts to influence global-level non-communicable disease policy Lauber K, Rutter H, Gilmore AB BMJ Glob Health. 2021 Jun;6(6):e005216. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-005216. PMID: 34117011; PMCID: PMC8202098.
The association of smoking status with SARS-CoV-2 infection, hospitalization and mortality from COVID-19: a living rapid evidence review with Bayesian meta-analyses (version 7) Simons D, Shahab L, Brown J, Perski O Addiction. 2021 Jun;116(6):1319-1368. doi: 10.1111/add.15276. Epub 2020 Nov 17. PMID: 33007104; PMCID: PMC7590402.
Smoking, distress and COVID-19 in England: cross-sectional population surveys from 2016 to 2020 Kock L, Brown J, Shahab L, Moore G, Horton M, Brose L Prev Med Rep. 2021 May 29;23:101420. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101420. PMID: 34150478; PMCID: PMC8193154.
Schools for healthy lives, not for corporate interests van Schalkwyk MCI, Knai C, Jackson N, Maani N, Petticrew M Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2021 May;5(5):e14. doi: 10.1016/S2352-4642(21)00097-3. PMID: 33864742.
Association of the COVID-19 lockdown with smoking, drinking and attempts to quit in England: an analysis of 2019-20 data Jackson SE, Garnett C, Shahab L, Oldham M, Brown J Addiction. 2021 May;116(5):1233-1244. doi: 10.1111/add.15295. Epub 2020 Nov 26. PMID: 33089562.
Who should we trust on science diplomacy and COVID-19 recovery? Not Big Tobacco Fabbri A, Laurence L, Zatoński M, Gilmore AB BMJ Blog, Tobacco Control
Protocol for expansion of an existing national monthly survey of smoking behaviour and alcohol use in England to Scotland and Wales: The Smoking and Alcohol Toolkit Study Kock L, Shahab L, Moore G, Beard E, Bauld L, Reid G, Brose L, Horton M, Gould A, Brown J Wellcome Open Res. 2021 Mar 29;6:67. doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16700.1. PMID: 34458587; PMCID: PMC8370132.
Using point-of-sale data to examine tobacco pricing across neighbourhoods in Scotland Shortt NK, Tunstall H, Mitchell R, Coombes E, Jones A, Reid G, Pearce J Tob Control. 2021 Mar;30(2):168-176. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2019-055484. Epub 2020 Mar 19. PMID: 32193214; PMCID: PMC7907555.
Vaping in pregnancy: A systematic review Calder R, Gant E, Bauld L, McNeill A, Robson D, Brose LS Nicotine Tob Res. 2021 Feb 4:ntab017. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntab017. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33538828.
The new WHO Foundation - global health deserves better Maani N, Van Schalkwyk MC, Petticrew M, Ralston R, Collin J BMJ Glob Health. 2021 Feb;6(2):e004950. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-004950. PMID: 33547178; PMCID: PMC7871260.
The case for developing a cohesive systems approach to research across unhealthy commodity industries Knai C, Petticrew M, Capewell S, Cassidy R, Collin J, Cummins S, Eastmure E, Fafard P, Fitzgerald N, Gilmore AB, Hawkins B, Jensen JD, Katikireddi SV, Maani N, Mays N, Mwatsama M, Nakkash R, Orford JF, Rutter H, Savona N, van Schalkwyk MCI, Weishaar H BMJ Glob Health. 2021 Feb;6(2):e003543. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2020-003543. PMID: 33593757; PMCID: PMC7888371.
Evaluating the effectiveness of the smartphone app, Drink Less, compared with the NHS alcohol advice webpage, for the reduction of alcohol consumption among hazardous and harmful adult drinkers in the UK at 6-month follow-up: protocol for a randomised controlled trial Garnett C, Oldham M, Angus C, Beard E, Burton R, Field M, Greaves F, Hickman M, Kaner E, Loebenberg G, Michie S, Munafò M, Pizzo E, Brown J Addiction. 2021 Feb;116(2):412-425. doi: 10.1111/add.15287. Epub 2020 Nov 26. PMID: 33067856; PMCID: PMC8436762.
The SPECTRUM Consortium: a new UK Prevention Research Partnership consortium focussed on the commercial determinants of health, the prevention of non-communicable diseases, and the reduction of health inequalities Horton M, Perman-Howe PR, Angus C, Bishop J, Bogdanovica I, Brennan A, Britton J, Brose LS, Brown J, Collin J, Dockrell M, Fitzgerald N, Friel S, Gillespie D, Gilmore AB, Hill SE, Knai C, Langley T, Martin S, McNeill A, Moore G, Munafò MR, Murray RL, Opazo Breton M, Pearce J, Petticrew M, Reid G, Robson D, Rutter H, Shahab L, Shortt N, Smith K, Syrett K, Bauld L Wellcome Open Res. 2021 Jan 14;6:6. doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16318.1. PMID: 33693062; PMCID: PMC7931256.
Conceptualising changes to tobacco and alcohol policy as affecting a single interlinked system Gillespie D, Hatchard J, Squires H, Gilmore A, Brennan A BMC Public Health. 2021 Jan 4;21(1):17. doi: 10.1186/s12889-020-10000-3. PMID: 33397324; PMCID: PMC7783976.

Title Authors Reference
Dark Nudges and Sludge in Big Alcohol: Behavioral Economics, Cognitive Biases, and Alcohol Industry Corporate Social Responsibility Petticrew M, Maani N, Pettigrew L, Rutter H, VAN Schalkwyk MC Milbank Q. 2020 Dec;98(4):1290-1328. doi: 10.1111/1468-0009.12475. Epub 2020 Sep 15. PMID: 32930429; PMCID: PMC7772646.
Tobacco and tobacco branding in films most popular in the UK from 2009 to 2017 Barker A, Cranwell J, Fitzpatrick I, Whittamore K, Alfayad K, Haridy A, Murray R, Britton J Thorax. 2020 Dec;75(12):1103-1108. doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2020-214743. Epub 2020 Sep 17. PMID: 32943496; PMCID: PMC7677474.
As Long as It Comes off as a Cigarette Ad, Not a Civil Rights Message': Gender, Inequality and the Commercial Determinants of Health Hill SE, Friel S Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Oct 29;17(21):7902. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217902. PMID: 33137876; PMCID: PMC7663661.
Analysis of submissions to the EU’s public consultation on tobacco traceability and security features  Gallagher AWA, Evans-Reeves K, Joshi A, Hatchard J, Gilmore AB Tob Control. 2020 Oct 6:tobaccocontrol-2020-043875. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2020-043875. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33023937.
Exploring views on alcohol consumption and digital support for alcohol reduction in UK-based Punjabi-Sikh men: A think aloud and interview study Taak K, Brown J, Perski O Drug Alcohol Rev. 2020 Sep 16. doi: 10.1111/dar.13172. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32964571.
Signalling Virtue, Promoting Harm: Unhealthy commodity industries and COVID-19 Collin J, Hill S, Ralston R, Westerman L, NCD Alliance, SPECTRUM Consortium  
Quantifying alcohol audio-visual content in UK broadcasts of the 2018 Formula 1 Championship: a content analysis and population exposure Barker A, Opazo-Breton M, Thomson E, Britton J, Grant-Braham B, Murray RL BMJ Open. 2020 Aug 7;10(8):e037035. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037035. PMID: 32769079; PMCID: PMC7418687.
Bringing the commercial determinants of health out of the shadows: a review of how the commercial determinants are represented in conceptual frameworks Maani N, Collin J, Friel S, Gilmore AB, McCambridge J, Robertson L, Petticrew MP Eur J Public Health. 2020 Aug 1;30(4):660-664. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckz197. PMID: 31953933; PMCID: PMC7445044.
Non-communicable disease governance in the era of the sustainable development goals: a qualitative analysis of food industry framing in WHO consultations Lauber K, Ralston R, Mialon M, Carriedo A, Gilmore AB Global Health. 2020 Aug 26;16(1):76. doi: 10.1186/s12992-020-00611-1. PMID: 32847604; PMCID: PMC7448499.
Mental health, smoking, harm reduction and quit attempts - a population survey in England Brose LS, Brown J, Robson D, McNeill A BMC Public Health. 2020 Aug 14;20(1):1237. doi: 10.1186/s12889-020-09308-x. PMID: 32795286; PMCID: PMC7427923.
Commentary on Wicki et al (2020): Strong effectiveness evidence-but what else do policymakers need? Fitzgerald N, Lewsey J Addiction. 2020 Aug;115(8):1470-1471. doi: 10.1111/add.15074. Epub 2020 Jun 3. PMID: 32490543.
Mental health and smoking cessation-a population survey in England Brose LS, Brown J, McNeill A BMC Med. 2020 Jun 25;18(1):161. doi: 10.1186/s12916-020-01617-7. PMID: 32580770; PMCID: PMC7315517.